On self-approaching and increasing-chord drawings of 3-connected planar graphs

Martin Nöllenburg, Roman Prutkin, Ignaz Rutter


An $st$-path in a drawing of a graph is self-approaching if during the traversal of the corresponding curve from $s$ to any point $t'$ on the curve the distance to $t'$ is non-increasing. A path has increasing chords if it is self-approaching in both directions. A drawing is self-approaching (increasing-chord) if any pair of vertices is connected by a self-approaching (increasing-chord) path.

We study self-approaching and increasing-chord drawings of triangulations and 3-connected planar graphs. We show that in the Euclidean plane, triangulations admit increasing-chord drawings, and for planar 3-trees we can ensure planarity. We prove that strongly monotone (and thus increasing-chord) drawings of trees and binary cactuses require exponential resolution in the worst case, answering an open question by Kindermann et al. (GD 2014). Moreover, we provide a binary cactus that does not admit a self-approaching drawing. Finally, we show that 3-connected planar graphs admit increasing-chord drawings in the hyperbolic plane and characterize the trees that admit such drawings.

Full Text:


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20382/jocg.v7i1a3

ISSN: 1920-180X